Adobe Illustrator is a leading desktop illustration tool for Macintosh and Windows and comes as part of Adobe Creative Cloud.
CorelDRAW Graphic Suite is another desktop illustration package, very popular with Windows users.
Inkscape is an Open Source vector graphics editor, with capabilities similar to Illustrator, CorelDraw, or Xara X, using the W3C standard Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format. It supports many advanced SVG features and is very easy to edit nodes, perform complex path operations, trace bitmaps and much more. .
ESRI ArcGIS is one of the leading pieces of GIS software. It consists of a suite of applications allowing the user to perform advanced spatial analysis, model operational processes and map the results.
QGIS is a user friendly Open Source GIS licensed under the GNU General Public License. QGIS is an official project of the Open Source Geospatial Foundation (OSGeo). It runs on Linux, Unix, Mac OSX, Windows and Android and supports numerous vector, raster, and database formats and functionalities.
Link to 13 Free GIS Software Options: Map the world at no cost using open source software!
MapInfo Professional is a powerful Microsoft® Windows®-based mapping and geographic analysis application designed to allow easily visualization of the relationships between data and geography.
Avenza Software Inc’s MAPublisher
Developed for GIS (Geographic Information Systems) professionals, cartographers and map producers, MAPublisher is a suite of GIS plug-ins for Adobe Illustrator designed to enable high end graphic enhancement and quality-controlled map production. MAPublisher imports MapInfo mid/mif,Arc/Info ungenerate and USGS DLG (US Geological Survey, Digital Line Graph) files directly into Adobe Illustrator with all attributes intact, allowing attribute editing in customized maps. You can get more information from Avenza’s WWW site.
Geomatica by PCI Geomatics offers “…solutions for all of your geomatics processing needs while maintaining complete interoperability with outside software packages.”. It is primarily designed for use with applications such as Arc/Info, GRASS and MicroStation.